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模块七 Unit 2 Fit for life 词汇课件

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内容提示: beneficial adj. ___________ 有益的,有用的【归纳】be beneficial to sth./sb.h b 对 = = be of benefit to sth./sb. 对…… 有益【拓展】benefit v. 有助于;使受益n. 利益,好处benefit from/by 从 从…… 中受益for the benefit of 为了……( 的利益) ① ①A good diet _____________ health. 良好的饮食有益于健康。② ② The money is to be used _______________ the poor. is beneficial to 【运用】for the benefit of 这笔钱用来为穷人谋福利。③ ③ This dictionary will be ________________ me. 这部字典将对我有很大裨益。of great b...

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beneficial adj. ___________ 有益的,有用的【归纳】be beneficial to sth./sb.h b 对 = = be of benefit to sth./sb. 对…… 有益【拓展】benefit v. 有助于;使受益n. 利益,好处benefit from/by 从 从…… 中受益for the benefit of 为了……( 的利益) ① ①A good diet _____________ health. 良好的饮食有益于健康。② ② The money is to be used _______________ the poor. is beneficial to 【运用】for the benefit of 这笔钱用来为穷人谋福利。③ ③ This dictionary will be ________________ me. 这部字典将对我有很大裨益。of great benefit to possess v. ___________ 拥有,具有;支配;控制(多用于被动语态多用于被动语态)【归纳】possess sth. 拥有某物被 be possessed by/with 被…… 控制be possessed of 拥有( 某种品质、能力等) 【拓展】possession n .[C]( 常用复数) 所有物;财产[U] 具有;拥有take possession of 占有,拥有;占领( ) in possession of sth. 占有( 或拥有) 某物in the possession of sb. 为某人所有 ① ①The widow is ______________ a large fortune. 那个寡妇占有大笔财产。② ② He’s _________________ the house. 他已拥有了那栋房子 。in possession oftaken possession of【运用】他已拥有了那栋房子 。③ ③ She was suddenly ____________ fear.她突然感到害怕。possessed by ◆ ◆ in possession of 表示主动,其主语通常是人,意为表示主动,其主语通常是人,意为“ 占有……”;in the possession of 表示被动,其主语通常是物,意为“被……占有被……占有”。 。类似短语还有:in charge of 负责 ,in the charge of 由……负责,in control of 控制,in the control of 被……控制。 vital adj. ___________ 对……极重要的,必不可少的【归纳】be vital for/to sth. 对 对…… 极为重要It is vital that ... …… 是极重要的◆ 在句型“It is vital that ...”中,从句谓语动词要用虚拟语气,即”中,从句谓语动词要用虚拟语气,即should +动词原形,should 可以省略。 ① ①A sparrow may be small but it has _______________. 麻雀虽小,五脏俱全。② ② Enough sleep _________ the students' well-being and healthis vital toall vital organs【运用】well-being and health.充足的睡眠对学生的身心健康是非常重要的。充足的睡眠对学生的身心健康是非常重要的。③ ③ ____________ we should be kept informed of all developments. 重要的是我们必须熟悉所有的发展情况。It is vital that potential n. ___________ adj. ____________ 可能性;潜在性;潜力,潜能潜在的,可能的可能性;潜在性;潜力,潜能潜在的,可能的【归纳】have the potential to do sth. 有做某事的潜力有做某事的潜力 ① ① This restaurant is ______________ mine. 这家餐馆很可能是棵摇钱树。② ② It's important to draw out a child’s .a potential gold potential capacities【运用】___________________. 发掘孩子的潜在能力是很重要的。③ ③ He hasn’t ______________________ yet.他还没有意识到他的全部潜能。potential capacitiesrealized his full potential circulateBlood circulates around the body.His agent circulated several copies of the book.) Rumour ( 传言) circulates rapidly.v. ( 使) 循环, ( 使) 流通( 使) 流传, 散布, 传播circulation n. 血液循环;( 信息的) 传播( 货币的) 流通 astonish v. 使十分惊讶,使吃惊【拓展】astonished adj. 吃惊的( 多修饰人)be astonished at/by sth. 对 对…… 感到惊讶be astonished to do sth. 做 做…… 感到惊讶astonishing adj. 令人吃惊的( 多修饰物)astonishment n. 惊讶,吃惊to one’s astonishment 让某人感到惊讶的是in astonishment 惊讶地 ① ① She gave him __________________.她惊讶地看了他一眼。② ② We _________________ the news of her sudden death.她突然去世的消息使我们震惊an astonished lookwere astonished at【运用】她突然去世的消息使我们震惊 。③ ③ ___________________, he didn't pass the exam.他考试不及格,这使我感到很惊讶。To my astonishment try something out on 在…… 上试验某物The drug has not been tried out on human yet.这种药物尚未进行过人体试验。 拓展:try for 试图得到..../ 争取.....He is always trying for a scholarship.try out for 参加…… 选拔(或试演)Some students are trying out for the school play.try on 试穿, 试戴She was trying on a new hat. 根据汉语提示完成句子。(1) 谁在那里试穿他的外套?Who’s ____________ his coat there?(2) 这些男孩将参加下一届竞赛的选拔。Th b th ttrying onill t t f These boys _____________ the nextcontest.(3) 他们决定在老年妇女中试验这种药。They decided ______ this medicine _______ among old women.will try out forto try out application n .[C ,U]申 申 请 请( 书) ;用途,实际应用.A micro computer has a wide range of applications for businesses.微型电脑在商业方面 用途很广。②很广。②He sent in his application to the office.他向办公室递交了 申请 。 归纳拓展(1)apply vi. 申请vt. 应用;涂,敷apply (to sb)for ( 向某人) 申请……apply to do 申请做……apply to 适用于;与.... 有关apply.... to 把.... 应用/ 涂抹到....上 上apply oneself to 致力于.... 完成句子(2) 我需要马上呈交我的申请表。I need to submit my ____________ soon.application He decided to apply for the job.他决定申请那份工作。He applied to be given more time.他申请得到更多的时间。 (3) 给他的伤口上点药吧。____________ some medicine to his Applywound. (4)只有你把所学的应用到实践中,你才能说你学会了。只有你把所学的应用到实践中,你才能说你学会了。Only when you whatapplyOnly when you ____________ what you have learned to practice can you say you have made it.apply approval (Line 45)n. 赞许,同意;批准,认可;准许,允许approve vt. 批准,通过i vi. (+of) 赞成 , 同意We need parental approval before allowing students to go on field trips. 自我探究accelerate vt.&vi. 加速,促进,加快。单项填空。单项填空(1)Exposure to the sun can ________ aging process.A .hasten B .rushC .accelerate D .hurryaccelerate the pace of.... 加快... 的步伐/ 节奏 自我探究mass 可用作名词,形容词或动词。在句①中可用作名词,形容词或动词。在句①中mass 是名词,意为“ 团、块、② 中 “ 堆 堆”; ; 在句 ②中 中mass 是形容词 , 意为“大量的、许多的” ;在句③中mass是动词,意为是动词,意为“ 聚集,集合”。 。 归纳拓展a mass of/masses of 许多,大量mass production 批量生产the masses 群众,平民 完成句子(1) 院子里有一大群孩子。There were ________________ children in the yard.a mass of (2)我不知道他们是否真正关心民众的利益。我不知道他们是否真正关心民众的利益。I wonder if they are truly concerned with the interests of ________________. the masses A mass of weapons _____ prohibitedinternationally.masses of work ______ needed to be done.areismasses of, a mass of..做主语时,后面的谓语动词的确定也是根据其后的做主语时,后面的谓语动词的确定也是根据其后的名词的单复数名词的单复数 确定的。 2. wear sb. out ___________ 使筋疲力尽;使厌烦【拓展】⑴【拓展】⑴ wear out/ wear sth. out 磨破;穿破;磨损;用坏磨破;穿破;磨损;用坏⑵ ⑵ wear and tear (正常使用造成的)磨损,损耗,损坏(正常使用造成的)磨损,损耗,损坏 1. If you treat your coat so roughly, it will be __________ soon. 你如果这么糟蹋你的外套,它很快就不能穿了。你如果这么糟蹋你的外套,它很快就不能穿了。2. His work was so exacting that by the end be worn out【运用】of the day he _____________. 他的工作十分吃力,到一天过完的时候他已经精疲力竭了。他的工作十分吃力,到一天过完的时候他已经精疲力竭了。was worn out let out __________ ,泄露,出租,加宽【归纳】⑴【归纳】⑴ let sb. out 使某人解脱⑵使某人解脱⑵ let go. 放手,让某人走⑶放手,让某人走⑶ let sb. down 使失望放出,发出⑷ ⑷ let sb. off (with sth.) 排放;燃放;放过,宽恕排放;燃放;放过,宽恕(5)let alone 更不用说let sb alone 不管,不打扰 • addict: v. 使...耽溺,使...上瘾n. 耽溺者,上瘾者 n. addiction• addict oneself to 使…沉迷于…..• be addicted to 对…上瘾,沉溺于 • 他是个瘾君子。• He addicted himself to drugs.• He was addicted to drugs. ① ① He addicted _________________. 他喝酒成瘾。② ② He was heroin at the age of 17. himself to drinkingaddicted to【运用】② ___________ g他 他17 岁的时候对海洛因上了瘾。 7. relate v. ___________ 联系,把……联系起来;叙述,讲述【归纳】relate ... to/with ... 把 把…… 与…… 相联系relate sth. to sb. 向某人讲述……relate to ... 涉及,与…… 相关【拓展】related adj. 有关系的,相关的;亲戚的be related to 与 与…… 有关/ 联系/ 血缘关系relation n. 关系;亲属( 戚)in/with relation to 关于;涉及 ① ① She _________ some of her experiences in Xinjiang.她讲了讲自已在新疆的一些经历。② ② Much of the crime in this arearelatedis related to【运用】② ② Much of the crime in this area _________ drug abuse. 这一地区的许多犯罪都与吸毒有关。 ④ ④ Can you _______ what happened in your childhood ____ your present state of mind?你能否把你童年时的遭遇同目前的心境联torelate你能否把你童年时的遭遇同目前的心境联系起来? 8. subscribe v. ___________ 同意;定期订购或订阅 ;签署同意;定期订购或订阅 ;签署( 文件) ;捐助【归纳】subscribe to 订阅,订购( 报刊等); ;同意 , 支持subscribe ... to ... 向 向…… 捐献……;在;在…… 上签名 1. We ____________ an animal protection society.我们定期捐款给一个动物保护基金会。2. If you the newspaper, it’ll be subscribe tosubscribe to【运用】y ___________ p p ,delivered to your door.如果你订阅报纸,它会直接给你送货上门。3. I _____________________ the document. 我在文件上签了字。subscribe tosubscribed my name to

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